So what are they doing to get that kind of a growth? Teaching the four strategies (predict, clarify, summarize and question) as a package to help students become more metacognitive and flexible. Research shows that this multiple-strategy instruction works.
So what does a reciprocal teaching based guided reading lesson look like? This is probably my favorite thing about this chapter...her outline for teaching small group lessons.
|Lesson format modified slightly from page 154.|
Now what about grouping students? In first grade I always grouped my students by reading level for guided reading. But the author suggests that there are four ways to group for reciprocal teaching groups.
- Strategy needs - I have done this a lot with writing and math, but not as much in reading. You put the groups together based on student needs regardless of ability level. This is something I would like to try a little more of this year.
- Student choice - Let students choose a book regardless of level. Motivation plays a key factor here. I think this will be one of my favorite ways because I think it's really important for students to have choice in their reading. Most students who say they don't like to read, haven't found the right book.
- Intervention for struggling readers - This grouping would be for students who are 1-2 years below grade level and requires more instruction time than the rest of the class.
- Ability level - This is done more in the lower grades and the author recommends relying on more flexible groupings for grades 3-6. So student choice will probably be the most important grouping for my classroom.
One last thing worth mentioning is that this book is chalked full of mini-lessons. If you want to check out this book, click on the cover to go to Amazon.